A mortgage is a practice by which the ownership of the property is passed from the mortgagor, to the mortgagee, in return for the loan of the money, the mortgagee is the lender and the mortgagor is the borrower. The mortgagee has limited rights on the property until the loan is paid off. Most probably the mortgage loan is taken for home improvements, or financing college education. The interest rate for mortgage loan varies depending on the type of the loan

Mortgage banks and Mortgage brokers are the best options for reviewing of mortgage loan applications.

For Mortgage banks, the staff of the bank will process the loan application, as most of the banks are controlled by the government agencies, the borrower can be assured that the mortgage loan will be approved and granted by reliable sources and there will be no discontinuation in the loan. The bank will provide a range of mortgage service providers for a particular loan application, and the borrower should select the best available option from them. The borrower should deal with the service providers, compare each of the interest rates and select the best option. The loan application will be processed much faster by bank staff.

Mortgage brokers will present the best available option for a particular loan; the brokers will provide the best option for a loan application that meets the borrowers’ needs. If the loan product is selected, then the borrower should deal directly with the service provider to finish the formalities. Most of the information on loan products of mortgage service providers will be available with the mortgage brokers.

The borrower before using the services of the brokers should verify whether the mortgage broker is registered with any reliable company or service.

Mortgage loan types

There are many types of mortgage loans available in the mortgage industry, but the two most common types of loans are Fixed Rate Mortgage (FRM) and Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM).

For fixed rate mortgage, the interest rates are fixed and are high, the rates will not change during the life of the loan, the repayment time ranges from 10 to 20 years.

For adjustable rate mortgage, the interest rate fluctuates with respect to a standard market index, it will increase or decrease with respect to the index, the borrower cannot predict the interest rate for the next interest period before hand, if the interest rate increases, the borrower has to pay the extra cost, to avoid this, some lenders offer interest lock, using this, the borrower will repay the debt on a fixed interest rate for a particular period, the lender will charge extra money for this service. The repayment time ranges from 5-10 years.

The borrowers who borrow fixed rate mortgage loans are more financially secure than who borrows adjustable rate mortgage loans. The proceeds from adjustable rate mortgage negates any risk and most of the borrowers’ uses this loan as repayment mode.

Presently the mortgage markets in Asia are growing mush fast than the developed countries. In Asia, India has the second highest interest rate of 7%.In UK, interest rate for a 15-year fixed rate mortgage loan (FRM) is 12% and for 30-year adjustable rate mortgage is 15%.For a 1-year adjustable rate mortgage loan (ARM) is 4.05%.

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